The overall objective is to address the risk of introduction, emergence and spread of known or still unknown vector-borne viruses (VBV) associated with two insect families: mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae of genera Aedes and Culex), and Culicoides biting midges (Diptera, Ceratopognidae). We want to improve our currently limited understanding of these emerging VBV and their potential for spread throughout northern Africa and Europe, and enhance epidemiological surveillance strategies and tools for better disease detection.
Research will specifically target the following potential emerging VBV related to mosquitoes and Culicoides considering their sanitary importance: Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV, Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus), Orthobunyaviruses (Bunyaviridae, Orthobunyavirus,including Schmallenberg virus - SBV), and Orbiviruses (Reoviridae, Orbivirus, including bluetongue viruses). However, much broader information is expected from field sampling of insect and host populations. Activities will be carried out through original and integrative multidisciplinary approaches.